The Latest Textile Art Techniques
Textile Arts are crafts and arts which use plant, animal and synthetic fibers in constructing decorative or practical objects. Textile art is the application of fiber and fabrics as the artistic medium and it can range from huge wall hangings up to mixed media sculpture pieces and it may contain some other components like paper, canvas, metalwork, and wood. The construction methods like sewing, crochet, and knitting, quilting and weaving could be added into textile artist. In getting started with this art, you have to know the latest and most popular methods used in designing textile:
Art Based/Painting Techniques
- Airbrush painting – it is performed when the surface coloring has to be done economically and quickly. The dye will be applied through the use of a mechanized airbrush. The dye will be sprayed or will be blown on the surface of the fabric.
- Stippling – it is the creation of the patterns which stimulate different degrees of shading or solidity by using tiny dots. To attain lighter or darker tones or areas, the space between the dots is different.
- Hatching – this technique is used in order to create shading or tonal effects through drawing some closely Gapped parallel lines. A darker part will be the result by increasing the closeness, thickness and the quantity.
- Dry-brushing – it is the painting technique wherein the paint brush which is relatively dry yet still holds paint will be used. Alternatively, the color could be pulled out from the paper through the use of a wet brush.
- Shading – this is the process that is used in drawing to depict stages of darkness through the application media in a more densely way or with the darker shade for those darker areas. A lighter shade shall be applied for lighter regions.
Textile Printing Based Techniques
- Batik – it is the resist dyeing procedure that you can use wherein the design will be made using wax on the fabric that is subsequently immersed in the dye in order to absorb the color on those portions without wax.
- Tie – dyeing – in this technique, the dye will be resisted by the knots which are tied within the fabric and the exterior of the knotted part is dyed yet the reverse side is left plain provided that the knot was tied firmly.
- Block Printing – this is the design which is drawn on the prepared block that is made of wood which will then be carved out. When it comes to printing a design on your fabric, the printer will be applying the color to the block and then presses it firmly on the textile. Another block will be needed for every distinct color in your design.
- Screen Printing – it is originally called silk-screen printing and it can be done through the use of cylindrical or flat screen. The rubber blade squeezes the printing paste over the openings within the screen on the textile. It needs another screen for every color in your design.
- Stencil Printing – in this technique, the pattern will be cut out of the piece of either thin metal that has a sharp and pointed tool or stout paper. The uncut parts will represent those parts that are left plain and unpainted. The sheet will be laid on the material to be designed and the color will be brushed through the open spaces of it.
- Transfer Printing – literally, shifting the design from here to there is called transfer printing. It is a typical, famous technique of iron-on prints of decorations and emblems that are usually made of pigments in the thermoplastic base or paraffin which could be melted then bound by pressure and heat on the fabric surface. A more effective and sophisticated technique of transfer printing is transferring the design while it is intact that can be done through vaporizing it from the paper to the fabric.
- Flocking – it is the technique pertaining to adhering some pieces of fiber that is known as flock in order to create a design on the fabric. This is also called flock printing. Through the use of an adhesive material, the design will be roller printed on the fabric.
- Discharge Printing – this is also termed as extract printing and this is the method wherein a design is applied to a dyed fabric by means of printing the color destroyed agent in order to bleach out a light or white pattern on a darker colored ground.
These are the most famous textile art techniques that you can use when it comes to textile art for sale. And as a textile art designers, try what fits your taste and your design today and enjoy a wonderfully designed piece.